History at Barnehurst



At Barnehurst, we intend for our children to develop a greater understanding and knowledge of how and why the world, our country, different cultures and the local community have developed over the time. In doing so, our children will appreciate how the past affects and influences the present and future events both positively and negatively. 

History is all around us. The study of history will ignite children’s curiosity about the past in Britain and the wider world. Our History curriculum will enable children to develop a context for their growing sense of identity and a chronological framework for their knowledge of significant events and people. What they learn through History can influence their decisions about personal choices, attitudes and values. The curriculum will intentionally cover different time periods to ensure an understanding of chronology as well as exploring the past through different sources – given that we live in the ‘information age’, it will be a vital life skill for the children to analyse the reliability of sources and whether they can accurately trust the information being presented to them. The historical skills and knowledge taught will allow our children to communicate historically. 

How do we promote SMSC through history? 

Spiritual – Through history we can develop the children’s empathy about the lives of people in the past, reflecting on their own lives and making comparisons.  Year 3 study poverty and look back at what life was like in Victorian times. In Year 4, the children study crime over time and how many injustices were handed out in the form of punishments.  Year 5 are looking at the effects Hitler and his regime had in neighbouring countries with the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people. Year 6, through their work on World War II look at what it was like to live through The Blitz in England and the role evacuees played. 

Moral – Through history we can develop the children’s sense or right and wrong and their ability to recognize the difference between them. They need to also consider that this means following the laws of England. Year 4 and Year 5 study crime and laws from the past and look at how they have changed and the effects this has had on the country and the people who live here. Year 6, through their work on World War II help to develop the children’s understanding that behaviour and actions have consequences. 

Social – Through history we can look at the difference between our lives now and in the past and how those changes have affected our lives. Children work together to share ideas, learn new things and reflect on other people’s experiences. 

Cultural – The choices of the famous people we choose to study makes a huge difference to the cultural understanding of children. For the children to understand how these influences have shaped their own heritage and that of others. For example, Year 5 looking at various groups of people displaced during war – what happens to them and what impact does that have on the future.  Through the identification of suggested time periods, there are opportunities for the children to study and show an understanding and respect for different faiths, diversity and to be tolerant towards others.  

Subject Implementation 

At Barnehurst, the History curriculum is planned within the overarching themes of the topic chosen for that term within our global curriculum. The lessons should be interwoven alongside the Geography curriculum and English sequence of lessons to give a completely immersive and enriched experience, understanding and ever-improving vocabulary. Where this not possible, the History building blocks will need to be taught discretely to ensure progress and retention of skills and knowledge. 

In KS1, children will focus primarily on British people and chronology relevant to their own personal lives and lives of people they know. Key vocabulary linked to chronology will be introduced and repeated throughout their transition to KS2.  

In KS2, children will continually consolidate historical skills taught as well as learning new knowledge relevant to their current topic. The revision and introduction of key vocabulary will be built into each sequence of lessons. The learning will expand to the critique of sources as well as shifting from local to global. 

Across both key stages, children will have a range of opportunities to experience History both in the classroom and through practical engaging tasks beyond the classroom. Visits (both away from Barnehurst and to Barnehurst) will be a vital cog in the History Curriculum. 

In the summer term of 2021, teachers will be asked to map out the time periods that they plan to cover on their LTP. This will then be reviewed by the subject leader to check for continuity and that there is not any repetition across the key stage and that progression can be seen.  Feedback will then be given and changes made if required. 


Subject Impact  

History is an explorative subject, which develops an understanding of concepts, knowledge and skills. Because of this, our children will leave the Federation of Barnehurst schools with the following: 

  • A secure knowledge and understanding of people, events and contexts from the historical periods covered. 

  • An ability to think critically about history and communicate confidently. 

  • An ability to support, evaluate and challenge their own views and the views of others using appropriate historical evidence from a range of sources. 

  • The ability to think, reflect, debate, discuss and evaluate the past. 

  • To form and refine my own questions. 

  • A passion for history and a curiosity about the past and how and why people interpret the past differently. 

  • Critically analyse the validity and reliability of information. 

  • To be able to research effectively and accurately. 

  • A chronological understanding of past events and their implications for their future.